Chapter 9: Supporting Ideas and Building Arguments

Learning Objectives
  • Define the term “support” and describe three reasons we use support in speeches.
  • Explain four criteria used to evaluate support options.
  • Describe how speakers can use statistics to support their speeches.
  • Differentiate among the five types of definitions and among the four types of supportive examples.
  • Explain how narratives can be used to support informative, persuasive, and entertaining speeches.
  • Differentiate between the two forms of testimony and between the two types of analogies that can be used for support.
  • Explain how to distinguish between useful and nonuseful forms of support.
  • Describe the five ways support is used within a speech.
  • Describe the purpose of a reverse outline.
  • Explain why it is important to use support for every claim made within a speech.
  • Evaluate the three-step process for using support within a speech.


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