Chapter 8: Researching Your Speech
- Explain why research is fun and useful.
- Differentiate between primary and secondary research.
- Describe how to establish research needs before beginning research.
- Identify appropriate academic and nonacademic sources.
- Explain the steps for citing sources within a speech.
- Differentiate between direct quotations and paraphrases of information within a speech.
- Describe how to use sources ethically in a speech.
- Explain twelve strategies for avoiding plagiarism.
books that are primarily written for other academics for informational and research purposes
style scholars in the various social science fields (e.g., psychology, human communication, business) are more likely to use
after you’ve finished reading useful sources, see who those sources cited on their bibliographies or reference pages
when you cite the actual words from a source with no changes
information sources that provide short, very general information about a topic
a truth that is arrived at through the scientific process
occurs when we attempt to survey a small number of people in the hopes of representing a much larger group of people
magazines and newsletters published on a fairly systematic basis
a process where librarians are able to search other libraries to locate the book a researcher is trying to find
the style scholars in the various humanities fields (e.g., English, philosophy, rhetoric) are more likely to use
to take a source’s basic idea and condense it using your own words
carried out to discover or revise facts, theories, and applications and is reported by the person conducting the research
The phases that connect the beginning of a project to its end
scholarly investigation into a topic in order to discover, revise, or report facts, theories, and applications
step-by-step account of the process of identifying, obtaining, and evaluating sources for a specific project, similar to a lab note-book in an experimental setting
research carried out to discover or revise facts, theories, and applications—similar to primary research—but it is reported by someone not involved in conducting the actual research
magazines and newsletters that are published for a narrower audience
components or features of a literary composition or oral presentation that have to do with the form of expression rather than the content expressed (e.g., language, punctuation, parenthetical citations, and endnotes)
books that are written about a segment of content within a field of academic study and are written for undergraduate or graduate student audiences
a proposed explanation for a phenomenon that can be tested scientifically