- Describe the three types of public speaking in everyday life: informative, persuasive, and entertaining.
- Explain the benefits of taking a course in and engaging in public speaking.
- Identify the three components of getting your message across to others.
- Distinguish between the interactional models of communication and the transactional model of communication.
- Explain the three principles discussed in the dialogical theory of public speaking.
the speaker's use of verbal and nonverbal communication
final context dimension Joseph DeVito mentions; we interact with others from different cultures, misunderstandings can result from differing cultural beliefs, norms, and practices
“sensing (for example, hearing or seeing) a source’s message, interpreting the source’s message, evaluating the source’s message, and responding to the source’s message” (Wrench, McCroskey & Richmond, 2008)
based on three overarching principles that dialogue is more natural than monologue, meanings are in people not words, and contexts and social situations impact perceived meanings
communication between two or more persons
what a source does when “creating a message, adapting it to the receiver, and transmitting it across some source-selected channel” (Wrench, McCroskey & Richmond, 2008)
involves an array of speaking occasions ranging from introductions to wedding toasts, to presenting and accepting awards, to delivering eulogies at funerals and memorial services in addition to after-dinner speeches and motivational speeches
when a receiver sends a message back to a source
the primary purpose of informative presentations is to share one’s knowledge of a subject with an audience
a theory of public speaking that includes the source, channel, receiver, encoding, decoding, and feedback
a model of public speaking that includes the source, channel, and receiver
visual images or items to help the speaker communicate or clarify their message
the verbal and/or nonverbal communication conveyed by the speaker
a prolonged speech by a single person
a wide range of distractions that can inhibit an audience member from accurately attending to a speaker’s speech
the transfer of information through the use of body language including eye contact, facial expressions, gestures and more
the primary purpose of persuasive speaking is to convince, motivate, or otherwise persuade others to change their beliefs, take an action, or reconsider a decision
involves the real or touchable environment where communication occurs
the audience members listening to the speech
refers to “status relationships among participants, roles and games that people play, norms of the society or group, and the friendliness, formality, or gravity of the situation” (DeVito, 2009)
the person who is giving the speech
“has to do not only with the time of day and moment in history but also with where a particular message fits into the sequence of communication events” (DeVito, 2009)
individuals who contribute new ideas; to achieve thought leader status, individuals must communicate their ideas to others through both writing and public speaking
basic premise of the transactional model is that individuals are sending and receiving messages at the same time
refers to the production of spoken language to send an intentional message to a listener