Chapter 6: Culture
- Define culture and describe personal, social, and cultural identities.
- Summarize non-dominant and dominant identity development.
- Define the social constructionist view of culture and identity.
- Discuss how each of the four cultural identities discussed affects and/or relates to communication.
- Define intercultural communication and list the six dialectics of intercultural communication.
- Discuss how intercultural communication affects interpersonal relationships.
- Define intercultural communication competence.
- Summarize the three ways to cultivate intercultural communication competence that are discussed.
- Apply the concept of “thinking under the influence” as a reflective skill for building intercultural communication competence.
the system of beliefs and practices that produces a physical and mental standard that is projected as normal for a human being and labels deviations from it abnormal, resulting in unequal treatment and access to resources
learning and using a code that other group members will be able to recognize
personal, social, or cultural identities that are placed on us by others
personal, social, or cultural identities that we claim for ourselves
changing from one way of speaking to another between or within interactions; happens most frequently in interracial communication
the ongoing negotiation of learned and patterned beliefs, attitudes, values, and behaviors
based on socially constructed categories that teach us a way of being and include expectations for social behavior or ways of acting
a relationship between two opposing concepts that constantly push and pull one another
dualistic ways of thinking that highlight opposites, reducing the ability to see gradations that exist in between concepts
refers to the unequal access to technology and related skills that exists in much of the world
historically had and currently have more resources and influence
reduce/overlook important variations within a group
the attitude that one's own group, ethnicity, or nationality is superior to others
an intellectual and social movement advanced women’s rights and our overall understanding of gender
an identity based on internalized cultural notions of masculinity and femininity that is constructed through communication and interaction.
a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favor of female–male sexuality and relationships
communication between people with differing cultural identities
he ability to communicate effectively and appropriately in various cultural contexts
asks us to acknowledge that we each have multiple cultures and identities that intersect with each other
historically had and currently have less resources and influence
include the components of self that are primarily intrapersonal and connected to our life experiences
a socially constructed category based on differences in appearance that has been used to create hierarchies that privilege some and disadvantage others
the degree to which we are aware of our identities
based on biological characteristics, including external genitalia, internal sex organs, chromosomes, and hormones (Wood, 2005)
refers to a person’s primary physical and emotional sexual attraction and activity
a view that argues the self is formed through our interactions with others and in relationship to social, cultural, and political contexts (Allen, 2011)
self that are derived from involvement in social groups with which we are interpersonally committed
an umbrella term for people whose gender identity and/or expression do not match the gender they were assigned by birth