A Note for Instructors and Others Using this Open Resource
Fourth Edition Note:
As of its official publication date of 8/12/22, the editor will make no significant changes as far as the number or order of chapters; however, enhancements will be ongoing throughout the Fall semester. Those enhancements will not change the basic content of the book; instead, they will include added multimedia or interactivity to increase its efficacy as a learning resource. All revisions to the book will be noted on the Fourth Edition Notes page in the appendix to provide transparency and clarity for users.
This book serves as both an anthology and a textbook, as it is a compilation of original texts mixed in with expert essays and other material designed to help students beginning their study of philosophy.
To cite the book as a whole:
Philosophical Thought by Heather Wilburn / Tulsa Community College is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.
Some chapters hold a license that is different from that of the whole book. In that case, the suggested attribution can be found at the end of the chapter on the left side of the screen.
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