Unit 3: Epistemology
By Addison Ellis
Editor’s Note: This essay is the second of three in a series authored by Addison on the topic of philosophical idealism. Part 1 on Berkeley’s Subjective Idealism can be read here.
In the 18th Century, what has become known as the empiricist picture of knowledge took the mind to have a very specific relationship with the world. The mind, empiricists such as John Locke and David Hume thought, was largely passive, conforming to the world around it. Thus, for me to gain knowledge of the world is to have my mind shaped by the world as it interacts with my senses.
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By Matt McCormick
Editor’s Note: This essay, found on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP), covers Immanuel Kant’s ideas, including historical background, his answer to predecessors, his Copernican revolution, and transcendental idealism. [click here to read those four sections (sections 1-4)]