17.6 Sample Persuasive Speech Outlines


Sample Outline: Persuasive Speech Using
Topical Pattern
By Janet Aguilar
Specific Purpose: To persuade my classmates to eliminate their Facebook
Introduction: There she was late into the night still wide awake starring at
her phone’s screen. In fact, she had to be at work early in the morning, but
scrolling through her Facebook account kept her awake. That girl was me
before I deactivated my Facebook account. I honestly could not tell you
how many hours I spent on Facebook. In the survey that I presented to you
all, one person admitted to spending “too much” time on Facebook. That
was me in the past, I spent too much time on Facebook. Time is precious
and once it is gone it does not return. So why do you spend precious time
on Facebook? Time that could be spent with family, resting, or just being
more productive.

Thesis/Preview: Facebook users should eliminate their usage because
Facebook can negatively affect their relationships with others, their sleeping patterns and health, and their ability to focus on school work.
I. Family relationships can be affected by your Facebook usage.
  A. In the survey conducted in class, 11 of 15 students confessed to have ignored someone
  while they were speaking.
    1. Found myself ignoring my children while they spoke.
    2. Noticed other people doing the same thing especially in parks and restaurants.
  B. According to Lynn Postell-Zimmerman on hg.org, Facebook has become a leading cause
  for divorce.
  C. In the United States, 1 in 5 couples mentioned Facebook as a reason for divorce in 2009.
Transition: We have discussed how Facebook usage can lead to poor relationships with people, next we will discuss how Facebook can affect your
sleep patterns and health.
II. Facebook usage can negatively affect your sleep patterns and health.
  A. Checking Facebook before bed.
    1. In my survey 11 students said they checked their Facebook account before bed.
    2. Staying on Facebook for long hours before bed.
  B. Research has shown that Facebook can cause depression, anxiety, and addiction.
    1. According to researchers Steels, Wickham and Acitelli in an article in the Journal of
    Social & Clinical Psychology titled “Seeing everyone else’s highlightreels: How
    Facebook usage is linked to depressivesymptoms,” because Facebook users only view
    the positive of their friend’s life they become unhappy
    with their life and it can lead to becoming depressed and unhappy.
    2. Marissa Maldonado on psychcentral.com, concluded from recent studies
    that, “Facebook increases people’s anxiety levels by making them feel inadequate and
    generating excess worry and stress.”
    3. Facebook addiction is a serious issue, according to the article “Too much Facebook
    leads to anger and depression” found on cnn.com and written by Cara Reedy.
      a. Checking Facebook everywhere we go is a sign of addiction
      b. Not being able to deactivate your Facebook account.

Transitions: Many of you have probably never though as Facebook as a
threat to your health, but we will now review how it can affect you as a
college student.
III. Facebook negatively affects students.
  A. I often found myself on Facebook instead of doing schoolwork.
  B. I was constantly checking Facebook which takes away from study time.
  C. I also found myself checking Facebook while in class, which can lead to poor grades and
  getting in trouble with the professor.
  D. A study of over 1,800 college students showed a negative relationship between
  amount of Facebook time and GPA, as reported by Junco in a 2012 article titled, “Too
  much face and not enough books” from the journal Computers and Human Behavior.
Conclusion: In conclusion, next time you log on to Facebook try deactivating your account for a few day and see the difference. You will soon see
how it can bring positive changes in your family relationships, will avoid
future health problems, will help you sleep better, and will improve your
school performance. Instead of communicating through Facebook try
visiting or calling your close friends. Deactivating my account truly helped
me, and I can assure you we all can survive without Facebook.
Junco, R. (2012). Too much face and not enough books: The relationship
between multiple indices of Facebook use and academic performance.
Computers in Human Behavior, 28(1), 187-198.
Maldonado, M. (2014). The anxiety of Facebook. Psych Central. Retrieved
from http://psychcentral.com/lib/the-anxiety-of-facebook/
Postell-Zimmerman, L. (1995-2015). Facebook has become a leading cause
in divorce cases. HG.org. Retrieved from http://www.hg.org/article.asp?id=27803
Reedy, C. (2015, March 2). Too much Facebook leads to envy and depression. CNNMoney. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/2015/03/02/
Steers, M. L. N., Wickham, R. E., & Acitelli, L. K. (2014). Seeing everyone
else’s highlight reels: How Facebook usage is linked to depressive symptoms. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33(8), 701-731. DOI:

Sample Outline: Persuasive Speech Using
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Pattern
Speech to Actuate: Sponsoring a Child in Poverty
Specific Purpose: to actuate my audience to sponsor a child through an
agency such as Compassion International.
Introduction (Attention Step)
I. How much is $38? That answer depends on what you make, what you are spending it for, and what you get back for it. (Grabber)
II. $38 per month breaks down to a little more than $1.25 per day, which is probably what you spend on a snack or soda in the break room. For us, it’s not very much. (Rapport)
III. I found out that I can provide better health care, nutrition, and even education for a child in Africa, South America, or Asia for the $38 per month by sponsoring a child through Compassion International. (Credibility)
IV. If I can do it, maybe you can too: (Bridge)
Thesis: Through a minimal donation each month, you can make the life of
a child in the developing world much better.
Preview: In the next few minutes I would like to discuss the problem, the
work of organizations that offer child sponsorships, how research shows
they really do alleviate poverty, and what you can do to change the life of a
I. The problem is the continued existence and effects of poverty. (Need Step)
  A. Poverty is real and rampant in much of the world.
    1. According to a 2018 report of the Secretary Generalof the United Nations, 9.2% of the world lives on less than $1.90 per day.
      a. That is 600 million people on the planet.
    2. This number is supported by the World Povertyclock of the World Data Lab, which states that 8% ofthe world’s population lives in extreme poverty.
      a. The good news is that this number is one third of what it was in 1990, mostly due to the rising middle class in Asia.
      b. The bad news is that 70% of the poor will live in Africa, with Nigeria labeled the “Poverty Capital of the World,” according to the Brookings Institute.
  B. Poverty means children do not get adequate health care.
    1. One prevalent but avoidable disease is malaria, which takes the lives of 3000 children every day, according to UNICEF.
    2. According to the World Health Organization, diarrheal diseases claimed 2.46 million lives in 2012 and is the second leading cause of death of children under 5.
  C. Poverty means children do not get adequate nutrition, as stated in a report from UNICEF.
    1. Inadequate nutrition leads to stunted growth.
    2. Undernutrition contributes to more than one third of all deaths in children under the age of five.
  D. Poverty means children are unlikely to reach adult age, according to the CIA World Fact Book quoted on the Infoplease website.
    1. Child mortality rate in Africa is 8.04% (percentage dying before age 5), while in North American is .64%
    2. Life expectancy in Sub-Saharan Africa is almost 30 years less than in the U.S.
  E. Poverty also means children are unlikely to receive education and be trained for profitable work.
    1. Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names, states the Global Issues website on Poverty Facts.
    2. UNESCO, a part of the United Nations, reports that less than a third of adults in Sub-Saharan Africa have completed primary education.
Transition: Although in all respects poverty is better in 2019 than it has
been in the past, poverty is still pervasive and needs to be addressed.
Fortunately, some great organizations have been addressing this for many
II. Some humanitarian organizations address poverty directly through child sponsorships. (Satisfaction Step)
  A. These organizations vary in background but not in purpose. The following information is gleaned from each organization’s websites.
  1. Compassion International is faith-based, evangelical.
    a. Around since early 1950s, started in Korea.
    b. Budget of $887 Million.
    c. Serves 1.92 million babies, children, and young adults.
    d. Works through local community centersand established churches.
    2. World Vision is faith-based, evangelical.
      a. Around since the 1950s.
      b. Budget of far over $1 Billion.
      c. 60% goes to local community programs but more goes to global networks, so that 86% goes to services.
      d. World Vision has more extensive services than child sponsorship, such as water purification and disaster relief.
      e. Sponsors three million children across sixcontinents
    3. Children International is secular.
      a. Around since 1936.
      b. Budget of $125 Million.
      c. 88% of income goes directly to programs and children.
      d. Sponsors children in ten countries on four continents
      e. Sponsors X across X continents
    4. Save the Children is secular, through…
      a. One hundred years of history, began in post WWI Europe.
      b. Budget of $880 Million.
      c. 87% goes to services.
      d. Sponsors 134 million children in 120 countries, including 450,000 in U.S.
    5. There are other similar organizations, such as ChildFund and PlanUSA.
  B. These organizations work directly with local community, on-site organizations.
    1. The children are involved in a program, such as after school.
    2. The children live with their parents and siblings.
    3. The sponsor’s donation goes for medicine, extra healthy, nutritious food, shoes for school, and other items.
    4. Sponsors can also help donate for birthdays and holidays to the whole family to buy food or farm animals.
Transition: Of course, any time we are donating money to an organization,
we want to be sure our money is being effectively and ethnically used.
III. This concern should be addressed in two ways: Is the money really helping, and are the organizations honest? (Continuation of Satisfaction Step)
  A. The organizations’ honesty can be investigated.
    1. You can check through Charity Navigator.
    2. You can check through the Better Business Bureau-Charity.
    3. You can check through Charity Watch.
    4. You can check through the organizations’ websites.
  B. Secondly, is sponsoring a child effective? Yes.
    1. According to Bruce Wydick, Professor of Economics at the University of San Francisco, child sponsorship
is the fourth most effective strategy for addressing poverty, behind water purification, mosquito nets, and deworming treatments.
    2. Dr. Wydick and colleagues’ work has been published in the prestigious Journal of Political Economy from the University of Chicago.
    3. He states, “Two researchers and I recently carried out a study (sponsored by the U.S. Agency for International Development) on the long-term impacts of Compassion International’s child sponsorship program. The study, gathering data from over 10,000 individuals in six countries, found substantial impact on adult life outcomes for children who were sponsored through Compassion’s program during the 1980s and ’90s…In adulthood, formerly sponsored children were far more likely to complete secondary school and had a much higher chance of having a white-collar job. They married and had children later in life, were more likely to be church and community leaders, were less likely to live in a home with a dirt floor and more likely to live in a home with electricity.”
Transition: To this point I have spoke of global problems and big solutions.
Now I want to bring it down to real life with one example.
IV. I’d like to use my sponsored child, Ukwishaka in Rwanda, as an example of how you can. (Visualization Step)
  A. I have sponsored her for five years.
  B. She is now ten years old.
  C. She lives with two siblings and both parents.
  D. She writes me, I write her back, and we share photos at least every two months.
  E. The organization gives me reports on her project.
  F. I hope one day to go visit her.
  G. I believe Ukwishaka now knows her life can be more, can be successful.

Transition: We have looked at the problem of childhood poverty and how
reliable, stable nongovernmental organizations are addressing it through
child sponsorships. Where does that leave you?
V. I challenge you to sponsor a child like Ukwishaka. (Action Step)
  A. Although I sponsor her through Compassion International, there are other organizations.
  B. First, do research.
  C. Second, look at your budget and be sure you can do this.
    1. You don’t want to start and have to stop.
    2. Look for places you “waste” money during the month and could use it this way.
    3. Fewer snacks from the break room, fewer movies at the Cineplex, brown bag instead of eating out.
  D. Talk to a representative at the organization you like.
  E. Discuss it with your family.
  F. Take the plunge. If you do.
    1. Write your child regularly.
    2. Consider helping the family, or getting friends to help with extra gifts.
I. In this speech, we have taken a look at the state of poverty for children on this planet, at organizations that are addressing it through
child sponsorships, at the effectiveness of these programs, and
what you can do.
II. My goal today was not to get an emotional response, but a realistically compassionate one.
III. You have probably heard this story before but it bears repeating. A
little girl was walking with her mother on the beach, and the sand
was covered with starfish. The little girl wanted to rescue them and
send them back to the ocean and kept throwing them in. “It won’t
matter, Honey,” said her mother. “You can’t get all of them back
in the ocean.” “But it will matter to the ones that I do throw back,”
the little girl answered.
IV. We can’t sponsor every child, but we can one, maybe even two. As
Forest Witcraft said, “What will matter in 100 years is that I made
a difference in the life of a child.” Will you make a difference?
AGScientific. (2019). Top ten deadly diseases in the world. Retrieved from
Compassion International. (2019). Financial integrity: The impact of our
compassion. Retrieved from https://www.compassion.com/about/financial.htm
Exploring Public Speaking 285 Chapter 13: Persuasive Speaking
Children’s International. (2019). Accountability. Retrieved from https://
Global Issues. (2013, January 7 ). Poverty facts and stats. Retrieved from
Infoplease. (2019). What life expectancy really means. Retrieved form
Kharas, H., Hamel, K., & Hofer, M. (2018, Dec. 13). Rethinking global
poverty reduction in 2019. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/
Roser, M. (2019). Child and infant mortality rates. Retrieved from https://
Save the Children. (2019). Financial information. Retrieved from https://
UNICEF. (2008). Tracking progress on child and maternal nutrition: A
survival and development priority. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.
UNICEF 2019. The reality of Malaria. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.
United Nations. (2019). Poverty eradication. Retrieved from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/topics/povertyeradication
World Vision. (2019). Financial accountability. Retrieved from https://
Wydick, B., Glewwe, P., & Rutledge, L. (2013). Does international child
sponsorship work? A six-country study of impacts on adult life outcomes. Journal of Political Economy, 121(2), 393–436. https://doi.
Wydick, B. (2012, Feb.). Cost-effective compassion. Christianity Today,
56(2), 24-29.
Wydick, B. (2013). Want to change the world? Sponsor a child. Christianity


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