Mark Gotham

Key Takeaways

  • This is an anthology of a different kind and at a larger scale than the usual provision. Instead of showcasing a few, select examples (as the textbook chapters proper do), the goal here is to provide long lists of cases that at least one analyst sees in terms of the chord under discussion.
  • Harmonic analysis is a reductive and subjective task and you should fully expect to disagree with some of the entries included here.
  • The idea is to provide minimal curation, allowing you to roam freely among potentially relevant cases from across a broad repertoire, making up your own mind about what counts as an ‘real’ example.

Throughout this textbook, we have provided short examples of the musical subjects under discussion such as a specific chord or progression. These examples have included both simple, ‘prototypical’ versions to clarify how the idea works in principle, and also moments from real pieces in the repertoire.

Inevitably, these chapters only have space for a few such examples, so this final, ‘anthology’ section seeks to provide many more instances, enabling users to see a wider range of cases and with full context. No textbook or anthology can hope to capture the full range of ways in which these chords are used. Indeed, it’s not always clear whether a moment constitutes a ‘real’ example of the chord at hand. Hopefully, this at least provides space to roam and explore those ‘edge cases’.

This first instalment of that vision focuses primarily on harmonic matters and on a corpus of nineteenth century songs encoded as part of the OpenScore Lieder Corpus (Gotham et al. 2018) which releases its transcriptions under the CC0 licence meaning that they can be used for any purpose whatsoever without restriction. The tables below list moments identified as relevant by human analysts. So while much of the grunt work of collating lists and retrieving examples etc. has been automated, the analysis itself has not.

For a longer discussion of (methods for) creating a digital age anthologies, you might like to check of a paper I published with DLfM in 2019, called ‘Moments Musicaux’.

Each of the tables below gives the:

  • song’s metadata: composer, collection title, song name,
  • measure number and Roman numeral (figure and key) for the moment in question.
  • URL link through to check out (play, download, etc) the score online.

This page currently includes lists for:

  • Augmented Sixth chords
  • Augmented Triads
  • Modal Mixture
  • Neapolitan Sixth Chords

Please get in touch if you would like to see other chords or progressions represented here. For those interested in the computational side, the code will be released soon (open source, of course!).

Augmented Sixth chords

Click here for this textbook’s chapter on this topic.

[table id=32 /]

Augmented Triads

Click here for this textbook’s chapter on this topic.

[table id=34 /]

Modal Mixture

Click here for this textbook’s chapter on this topic.

This table provides examples of the following kinds of modal mixture (in any inversion):

Major context:

  • scale degree 1 and chord quality minor (parallel minor tonic chord)
  • scale degree 2 and chord quality diminished (this covers both iio and ii∅7)
  • scale degree 4 and chord quality minor
  • scale degree 6 and chord quality major
  • scale degree 7 and it’s a diminished seventh specifically (because the triad is diminished in both)

Minor context:

  • scale degree 1 and quality major (parallel major tonic chord)
  • scale degree 2 and quality minor (sic, i.e. not diminished)
  • scale degree 4 and quality major
  • scale degree 7 and it’s a half diminished seventh (not a diminished triad or diminished seventh)

[table id=31 /]

Neapolitan Sixth Chords

This table includes root position (bII) in addition to first inversion (bII6) chords, as well as seventh chords based on both.

Click here for this textbook’s chapter on this topic.

[table id=33 /]


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

OPEN MUSIC THEORY by Mark Gotham is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book